Organizations in Action - Social Science Bases of Administrative Theory

James D. Thompson

Key Insights from "Organizations in Action"

  • Organizational Complexity: Thompson presents organizations as complex systems. Each organization has a unique structure that is influenced by its goals, environment, and resources.
  • Interdependence: Organizations are not isolated entities but are interdependent on other organizations and systems. This interdependence significantly impacts their decision-making processes and overall functioning.
  • Uncertainty: The concept of uncertainty is a fundamental aspect of organizational life. It stems from an organization's interactions with its environment and can either be reduced through buffering and smoothing techniques or embraced through adaptive and innovative approaches.
  • Organizational Effectiveness: Thompson suggests that organizational effectiveness should...

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Denitsa Schmidt
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Denitsa Schmidt DE

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